A blue square is topped with a right triangle. Using line segments to the top, a green quadrilateral is constructed with at least two right angles. What is the area proportion green : blue?
Scroll down for a solution to this problem.
The fraction green : blue is 144/1369.
The whole problem is basically a comparison of scales. From similarity of triangles EGH and EBC we find HG/CB=EG/EB. In this way we can set up the chain HG/CB=EG/EB=FG/AB=EF/EA=IF/DA.
Now we know from the Pythagorean triangle and the blue square that CB=AB=DA=5. This implies HG=FG=IF, so the green quadrilateral is in fact also a square.
Now we easily compute triangle height h as 2 times area 6 divided by base 5. So h=12/5. Now the square side proportion HG/CB=h/(h+5)=12/37. The area proportion is the square of this.
It’s a new house with it’s secrets
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Explored it from the cellar to the attic room
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