A triangle with an inscribed triangle. What fraction of the former does the latter cover in terms of lengths a, b, c, d, e and f?

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## Solution

The shaded fraction is (ace+bdf)/((a+b)(c+d)(e+f)).

## Poem

Spiegel im Spiegel

Mirror in the mirror

In Tallin

Arvo Pärts composition

This piece is made for meditation

For a form of contemplation

Piano and violin

Play with tintinnabull

Bells which sound in this melody

Showing new mirrors for tranquillity

Pictures to swallow immediately

## 2 replies on “Spiegel im Spiegel”

The 1962 Putnam exam problem:

A3. ABC is a triangle and k > 0. Take A’ on BC, B’ on CA, C’ on AB so that AB’ = k B’C, CA’ = k A’B, BC’ = k C’A. Let the three points of intersection of AA’, BB’, CC’ be P, Q, R. Show that the (area PQR) (k^2 + k + 1) = (area ABC) (k – 1)^2.

I remember Harvey Cohn coming into the room for a few minutes, working the 3 hour exam in a few minutes, then leaving the answers in the trash on the way out. After the exam, we looked at his solution to problem A3, and he used the results on the determinant of the 3 by 3 matrix formed from the barycentric coordinates of the inside triangle. The matrix has first row (1,k,k^2) divided by 1+k+k^2. the other rows are cyclic shifts.

(I was 15 at the time, and was very impressed!)

sorry – here comes the corrected version.

Please delete the first picture